Travelzoo
TRAVELZOO INC (Form: 10-Q, Received: 08/04/2016 17:27:06)


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
______________________________________________________________________________
Form 10-Q
______________________________________________________________________________  
(Mark One)
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2016
or  
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to             .
Commission File No.: 000-50171
_______________________________________________________________________________  
Travelzoo Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
  ________________________________________________________________________________
DELAWARE
36-4415727
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. employer
identification no.)
 
 
590 Madison Avenue, 37th Floor
New York, New York
10022
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (212) 484-4900
_________________________________________________________________________________ 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes   x     No   ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x     No   ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):  
Large accelerated filer
¨
Accelerated filer
x
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
¨   (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company
¨
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes   ¨     No   x
The number of shares of Travelzoo common stock outstanding as of August 4, 2016 was 13,845,416 shares.

1



TRAVELZOO INC.
Table of Contents
 

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Page
 
 
 
 
PART II—OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

2




PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.        Financial Statements

TRAVELZOO INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited)
(In thousands, except par value)  

 
June 30,
2016
 
December 31,
2015
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
27,560

 
$
35,128

Accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $380 and $384 as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively
18,400

 
16,398

Income tax receivable
833

 
1,356

Deposits
488

 
782

Deferred tax assets
1,129

 
1,230

Prepaid expenses and other
1,828

 
2,095

Total current assets
50,238

 
56,989

Deposits
719

 
501

Deferred tax assets
570

 
1,769

Restricted cash
1,398

 
1,400

Property and equipment, net
7,228

 
7,905

Other assets, net

 
15

Total assets
$
60,153

 
$
68,579

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
20,843

 
$
23,655

Accrued expenses and other
10,982

 
10,140

Deferred revenue
1,040

 
1,085

Income tax payable
1,639

 
477

Note payable to related party

 
5,658

Total current liabilities
34,504

 
41,015

Long-term tax liabilities
3,053

 
3,000

Long-term deferred rent and other
2,906

 
3,177

Commitments and contingencies

 

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value per share (5,000 shares authorized; none issued)

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value (40,000 shares authorized; 13,889 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2016 and 14,518 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2015)
144

 
150

Additional paid-in capital
1,716

 
7,759

Retained earnings
21,455

 
17,386

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(3,625
)
 
(3,908
)
Total stockholders’ equity
19,690

 
21,387

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
60,153

 
$
68,579

 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

3



TRAVELZOO INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Revenues
$
34,046

 
$
36,792

 
$
68,850

 
$
75,937

Cost of revenues
3,612

 
5,208

 
7,621

 
9,754

Gross profit
30,434

 
31,584

 
61,229

 
66,183

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales and marketing
19,135

 
20,715

 
38,094

 
42,792

Product development
2,089

 
3,206

 
4,964

 
6,295

General and administrative
5,434

 
5,335

 
11,247

 
11,786

Total operating expenses
26,658

 
29,256

 
54,305

 
60,873

Income from operations
3,776

 
2,328

 
6,924

 
5,310

Other income (loss), net
(91
)
 
(218
)
 
42

 
(664
)
Income before income taxes
3,685

 
2,110

 
6,966

 
4,646

Income taxes
1,665

 
1,268

 
2,897

 
3,074

Net income
$
2,020

 
$
842

 
$
4,069

 
$
1,572

Basic net income per share
$
0.14

 
$
0.06

 
$
0.29

 
$
0.11

Diluted net income per share
$
0.14

 
$
0.06

 
$
0.29

 
$
0.11

Shares used in computing basic net income per share
14,066

 
14,730

 
14,246

 
14,730

Shares used in computing diluted net income per share
14,066

 
14,730

 
14,246

 
14,730


See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


4



TRAVELZOO INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Net income
$
2,020

 
$
842

 
$
4,069

 
$
1,572

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustment
91

 
1,225

 
283

 
(920
)
Total comprehensive income
$
2,111

 
$
2,067

 
$
4,352

 
$
652


See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


5



TRAVELZOO INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
4,069

 
$
1,572

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
1,250

 
1,510

Provision for losses on accounts receivable
44

 
52

Stock-based compensation
442

 
296

Deferred income tax
(211
)
 
(242
)
Net foreign currency effect
236

 
(165
)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
(2,265
)
 
(2,876
)
Deposits
38

 
73

Income tax receivable
525

 
1,681

Prepaid expenses and other
182

 
635

Accounts payable
(2,210
)
 
(1,236
)
Reserve for unexchanged promotional shares

 
(1,393
)
Accrued expenses
484

 
143

Income tax payable
1,268

 
23

Other non-current liabilities
53

 
795

Net cash provided by operating activities
3,905

 
868

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Purchases of property and equipment
(648
)
 
(753
)
Release of restricted cash

 
57

Net cash used in investing activities
(648
)
 
(696
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Acquisition of the Asia Pacific business
58

 

Payment of loan to related party
(5,658
)
 

Proceeds from loan from related party

 
2,250

Decrease in bank overdraft

 
(237
)
Repurchase of common stock
(4,956
)
 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
(10,556
)
 
2,013

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
(269
)
 
(1,125
)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
(7,568
)
 
1,060

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
35,128

 
55,417

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
27,560

 
$
56,477

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
 
 
 
Cash paid for income taxes, net
$
1,072

 
$
733

Cash paid for interest on related party loan
$
110

 
$

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

6



TRAVELZOO INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

Note 1: The Company and Basis of Presentation
Travelzoo Inc. (the “Company” or “Travelzoo”) is a global media commerce company. We inform over 28 million members in Asia Pacific, Europe and North America, as well as millions of website users, about the best travel, entertainment and local deals available from thousands of companies. Our deal experts source, research and test-book offers, recommending only those that meet Travelzoo’s rigorous quality standards. We provide travel, entertainment, and local businesses with a fast, flexible, and cost effective way to reach millions of consumers. Our revenues are generated primarily from advertising fees.
Our publications and products include the Travelzoo websites (www.travelzoo.com, www.travelzoo.ca, www.travelzoo.co.uk, www.travelzoo.de, www.travelzoo.es, www.travelzoo.fr, cn.travelzoo.com, www.travelzoo.co.jp, www.travelzoo.com.au, www.travelzoo.com.hk, www.travelzoo.com.tw, among others), the Travelzoo Top 20 e-mail newsletter, the Newsflash e-mail alert service, the SuperSearch pay-per-click travel search tool, and the Travelzoo Network , a network of third-party websites that list travel deals published by Travelzoo. The Travelzoo websites include Local Deals and Getaways listings that allow our members to purchase vouchers for deals from local businesses such as spas, hotels and restaurants. We receive a percentage of the face value of the voucher from the local businesses. We also operate Fly.com , a travel search engine that allows users to quickly and easily find the best prices on flights from hundreds of airlines and online travel agencies.
Ralph Bartel, who founded Travelzoo and who is a Director of the Company, is the sole beneficiary of the Ralph Bartel 2005 Trust, which is the controlling shareholder of Azzurro Capital Inc. ("Azzurro"). As of June 30, 2016 , Azzurro is the Company's largest stockholder, holding approximately 53.5% of the Company's outstanding shares.
On August 20, 2015, we acquired the Travelzoo Asia Pacific business (“Travelzoo Asia Pacific”), which includes the Travelzoo businesses in Australia, China, Hong Kong, Japan, Taiwan, and Southeast Asia. This business was independently operated by Azzurro under a licensing agreement with Travelzoo Inc. Azzurro was the majority stockholder of Travelzoo Asia Pacific. Travelzoo Inc. accounted for the acquisition as a common control transaction and change in reporting entity. The financial results for Travelzoo Inc. have been retrospectively adjusted to include the financial results of Travelzoo Asia Pacific in the current and prior periods as though the transaction occurred at the beginning of each period presented. The Travelzoo Asia Pacific assets and liabilities have been combined with Travelzoo Inc. at their carrying values as though the transaction occurred at the beginning of each period presented. The Travelzoo Asia Pacific transaction proceeds were reflected as an equity transaction, included in retained earnings, during the period the transaction occurred, which was in the year ended December 31, 2015 . See Note 10 to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for further information on the acquisition of Travelzoo Asia Pacific.
Certain prior period statement of operations amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. Starting from three months ended September 30, 2015 , the Company changed the manner in which it allocates facilities costs to all of its operating activities and has a separate disclosure of product development costs as shown below (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30, 2015
 
June 30, 2015
Cost of revenues
$
120

 
$
242

Sales and marketing
1,858

 
3,816

Product development
3,206

 
6,294

General and administrative
(5,184
)
 
(10,352
)
 
$

 
$



7



The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared by the Company in accordance with the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America have been condensed or omitted in accordance with such rules and regulations. In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary to present fairly the financial position of the Company and its results of operations and cash flows. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and related notes as of and for the year ended December 31, 2015 , included in the Company’s Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 14, 2016.
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, including the recently acquired Travelzoo Asia Pacific subsidiaries reflected in the current and prior periods. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
The results of operations for the three months ended June 30, 2016 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2016 or any other future period, and the Company makes no representations related thereto.
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers. ASU 2014-09 will replace most of the existing revenue recognition guidance in U.S. GAAP when it becomes effective. This new accounting standard is effective for the Company for annual periods in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017 (as amended in August 2015 by ASU 2015-14, Deferral of the Effective Date). The Company will implement the provisions of ASU 2014-09 as of January 1, 2018. The Company has not yet evaluated nor has it determined the effect of the standard on its ongoing financial reporting.
In August 2014, the FASB issued an accounting standard update that requires management to perform interim and annual assessments of an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year of the date the financial statements are issued and provides guidance on determining when and how to disclose going concern uncertainties in the financial statements. Certain disclosures will be required if conditions give rise to substantial doubt about an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern. This accounting standard update applies to all entities and is effective for the annual period ending after December 15, 2016, and for annual periods and interim periods thereafter, with early adoption permitted. This accounting standard update will be effective for the Company beginning in the first quarter of fiscal year 2017. The adoption of this accounting standard update is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated results of operations, financial position or cash flows.
In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-17, Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes, which simplifies the presentation of deferred income taxes by requiring deferred tax assets and liabilities be classified as noncurrent on the balance sheet. The updated standard is effective for us beginning on January 1, 2017 with early application permitted as of the beginning of any interim or annual reporting period. The adoption of this accounting standard update is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated statement of financial position.
In February 2016, the FASB issued an accounting standard update ASU 2016-02, Leases, which requires that lease arrangements longer than 12 months result in an entity recognizing an asset and liability. ASU 2016-02 is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, and early adoption is permitted. This accounting standard update will be effective for the Company on January 1, 2019. The Company is currently evaluating the effects that the adoption of ASU 2016-02 will have on the Company’s consolidated results of operations, financial position, and cash flows and anticipates the adoption of this accounting standard will have a significant impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements given the Company has a significant number of leases.
In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation: Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting, which is intended to simplify several aspects of the accounting for employee share-based payment transactions, including the income tax consequences, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, and classification on the statement of cash flows. This accounting standard update will be effective for the Company on January 1, 2017 with early adoption permitted. The Company has not yet evaluated nor has it determined the effect of the standard on its ongoing financial reporting.

8



Note 2: Net Income Per Share
Basic net income per share is computed using the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted net income per share is computed by adjusting the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding for the effect of dilutive potential common shares outstanding during the period. Potential common shares included in the diluted calculation consist of incremental shares issuable upon the exercise of outstanding stock options calculated using the treasury stock method.
The following table sets forth the calculation of basic and diluted net income per share (in thousands, except per share amounts):
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Basic net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
2,020

 
$
842

 
$
4,069

 
$
1,572

Weighted average common shares
14,066

 
14,730

 
14,246

 
14,730

Basic net income per share
$
0.14

 
$
0.06

 
$
0.29

 
$
0.11

Diluted net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
2,020

 
$
842

 
$
4,069

 
$
1,572

Weighted average common shares
14,066

 
14,730

 
14,246

 
14,730

Effect of dilutive securities: stock options

 

 

 

Diluted weighted average common shares
14,066

 
14,730

 
14,246

 
14,730

Diluted net income per share
$
0.14

 
$
0.06

 
$
0.29

 
$
0.11

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and June 30, 2015 , options to purchase 600,000 and 425,000 shares of common stock, respectively, were not included in the computation of diluted net income per share because the effect would have been anti-dilutive.

9



Note 3: Financial Instruments
The following tables summarize our financial assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis at June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 (in thousands):
 
Fair Value Measurements at Reporting Date Using
 
 
 
Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical
Assets
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
 
Total
 
(Level 1)
 
(Level 2)
 
(Level 3)
Balance at June 30, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash
$
27,560

 
$
27,560

 
$

 
$

Total cash
$
27,560

 
$
27,560

 
$

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Certificates of deposit
$
709

 
$

 
$
709

 
$

Merchant bank deposit
722

 
722

 

 

Total restricted cash and cash equivalent
$
1,431

 
$
722

 
$
709

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash
$
35,128

 
$
35,128

 
$

 
$

Total cash
$
35,128

 
$
35,128

 
$

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Certificates of deposit
$
708

 
$

 
$
708

 
$

Merchant bank deposit
725

 
725

 

 

Total restricted cash and cash equivalent
$
1,433

 
$
725

 
$
708

 
$

At June 30, 2016 , and December 31, 2015 , accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued expenses are not measured at fair value; however, the Company believes that the carrying amounts of these assets and liabilities are a reasonable estimate of their fair value because of their relative short maturity.
At December 31, 2015 , the note payable to related party was not measured at fair value; however, the Company believes that the carrying amount of these assets and liabilities was a reasonable estimate of their fair value because of its relatively short maturity and subsequent payment.
There have been no transfers and no changes in valuation methods for these assets or liabilities for the periods ended June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 .
Note 4: Commitments and Contingencies
The Company was formed as a result of a combination and merger of entities founded by the Company’s principal stockholder, Ralph Bartel. In 2002, Travelzoo.com Corporation was merged into Travelzoo Inc. Under and subject to the terms of the merger agreement, holders of promotional shares of Travelzoo.com Corporation (“Netsurfers”) who established that they had satisfied certain prerequisite qualifications were allowed a period of 2 years following the effective date of the merger to receive one share of Travelzoo Inc. in exchange for each share of common stock of Travelzoo.com Corporation. In 2004, two years following the effective date of the merger, certain promotional shares remained unexchanged. As the right to exchange these promotional shares expired, no additional shares were reserved for issuance. Thereafter, the Company began to offer a voluntary cash program for those who established that they had satisfied certain prerequisite qualifications for Netsurfer promotional shares as further described below.
Beginning in 2010, the Company became subject to unclaimed property audits of various states in the United States related to the above unexchanged promotional shares. The Company recorded charges for the estimated settlements with these states of $20.0 million , $3.0 million and $22.0 million in 2011, 2012 and 2013, respectively. In 2014, the Company released $7.6 million of the reserve related to the completion of settlements with the states and in 2015 the Company paid the final settlements outstanding.

10



Although the Company has settled the unclaimed property claims with all states, the Company may still receive inquiries from certain potential Netsurfer promotional stockholders that had not provided their state of residence to the Company by April 25, 2004. Therefore, the Company is continuing its voluntary program under which it makes cash payments to individuals related to the promotional shares for individuals whose residence was unknown by the Company and who establish that they satisfy the original conditions required for them to receive shares of Travelzoo.com Corporation, and who failed to submit requests to convert their shares into shares of Travelzoo Inc. within the required time period. This voluntary program is not available for individuals whose promotional shares have been escheated to a state by the Company, except those individuals for which their residence was unknown to the Company. The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include charges in general and administrative expenses of $1,000 for these cash payments for the three months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 . The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include charges in general and administrative expenses of $1,000 and $3,000 for these cash payments for the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 .
The total cost of this program cannot be reliably estimated because it is based on the ultimate number of valid requests received and future levels of the Company’s common stock price. The Company’s common stock price affects the liability because the amount of cash payments under the program is based in part on the recent level of the stock price at the date valid requests are received. The Company does not know how many of the requests for shares originally received by Travelzoo.com Corporation in 1998 were valid, but the Company believes that only a portion of such requests were valid. In order to receive payment under this voluntary program, a person is required to establish that such person validly held shares in Travelzoo.com Corporation.
The Company leases office space in Australia, Canada, China, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore, Spain, Taiwan, the U.K., and the U.S. under operating leases which expire between July 31, 2016 and November 30, 2024. The Company has purchase commitments which represent the minimum obligations the Company has under agreements with certain vendors. These minimum obligations are less than our projected use for those periods. Payments may be more than the minimum obligations based on actual use.
The following table summarizes principal contractual commitments as of June 30, 2016 (in thousands):  
 
2016
 
2017
 
2018
 
2019
 
2020
 
Thereafter
 
Total
Operating leases
$
2,766

 
$
5,399

 
$
4,558

 
$
4,090

 
$
3,636

 
$
8,522

 
$
28,971

Purchase obligations
457

 
882

 
365

 

 

 

 
1,704

Total commitments
3,223

 
6,281

 
4,923

 
4,090

 
3,636

 
8,522

 
30,675

Local Deals and Getaways merchant payables included in accounts payable were $13.2 million and $19.1 million , as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 , respectively.

11



Note 5: Income Taxes
In determining the quarterly provisions for income taxes, the Company uses an estimated annual effective tax rate, which is generally based on our expected annual income and statutory tax rates in the U.S., Canada, Japan, Hong Kong, and the U.K. For the three months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 , the Company's effective tax rate was 45% and 60% , respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 , the Company's effective tax rate was 42% and 66% , respectively. Our effective tax rate decreased for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 from the corresponding three and six months ended June 30, 2015 , due primarily to the change of geographic mix of taxable income and a $565,000 income tax expense for unrecognized tax benefits related to certain state tax matters for the six months ended June 30, 2015 .
U.S. income and foreign withholding taxes have not been provided on undistributed earnings for certain non-U.S. subsidiaries. The undistributed earnings on a book basis for the non-U.S. subsidiaries as of June 30, 2016 are approximately $10.6 million . The Company intends to reinvest these earnings indefinitely in its operations outside the U.S. If the undistributed earnings are remitted to the U.S., these amounts would be taxable in the U.S. at the current federal and state tax rates net of foreign tax credits. Also, depending on the jurisdiction any distribution may be subject to withholding taxes at rates applicable for that jurisdiction. The estimated amount of the unrecognized deferred tax liability attributed to future dividend distributions of undistributed earnings is approximately $491,000 at June 30, 2016 .
The Company maintains liabilities for uncertain tax positions. At June 30, 2016 , the Company had approximately $2.1 million in total unrecognized tax benefits, which if recognized, would favorably affect the Company’s effective income tax rate.
The Company’s policy is to include interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax positions in income tax expense. To the extent accrued interest and penalties do not ultimately become payable, amounts accrued will be reduced and reflected as a reduction in the overall income tax provision in the period that such determination is made. As of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 , the Company had approximately $925,000 and $872,000 , respectively, in accrued interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions. The Company is in various stages of multiple year examinations by federal taxing authorities. Although the timing of initiation, resolution and/or closure of audits is highly uncertain, it is reasonably possible that the balance of the gross unrecognized tax benefits related to the method of computing income taxes in certain jurisdictions and losses reported on certain income tax returns could significantly change in the next 12 months . These changes may occur through settlement with the taxing authorities or the expiration of the statute of limitations on the returns filed. The Company is unable to estimate the range of possible adjustments to the balance of the gross unrecognized tax benefits.
The Company files income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction and various states and foreign jurisdictions. The Company is subject to U.S. federal and certain state tax examinations for certain years after 2008 and is subject to California tax examinations for years after 2005. The material foreign jurisdictions where the Company is subject to potential examinations by tax authorities are the France, Germany, Spain and United Kingdom for tax years after 2009. The Company's 2009 federal income tax return is currently under examination, including a review of the impact of the sale of Asia Pacific business segment in 2009. These examinations may lead to ordinary course adjustments or proposed adjustments to our taxes or our net operating income. The Company has received a Revenue Agent’s Report (RAR) generally issued at the conclusion of an IRS examination, which was consistent with the Notice of Proposed Adjustment we received earlier from the IRS for the 2009 calendar year related to the sale of our Asia Pacific business segment with additional penalties. The RAR proposes an increase to the Company's U.S. taxable income which would result in additional federal tax, federal penalty and state tax expense totaling approximately $31.0 million , excluding interest and state penalties, if any. The proposed adjustment is primarily driven by the IRS’s view that the Asia Pacific business segment assets sold by the Company had a significantly higher valuation than the sales proceeds the Company received upon the sale. The Company disagrees with the proposed adjustments and intends to vigorously contest them. The Company did not make any adjustments to its liabilities for uncertain tax positions related to the RAR during the three months ended June 30, 2016 because the Company does not believe the IRS’s valuation of the Asia Pacific business segment assets is appropriate. If we are not able to resolve these proposed adjustments at the IRS examination level, we plan to pursue all available administrative and, if necessary, judicial remedies.

12



Note 6: Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
The following table summarizes the changes in accumulated balances of other comprehensive loss (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
June 30,
 

2016
 
2015
Beginning balance

$
(3,716
)
 
$
(4,747
)
Other comprehensive income due to foreign currency translation, net of tax
 
91

 
1,225

Ending balance

$
(3,625
)
 
$
(3,522
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
June 30,
 
 
2016
 
2015
Beginning balance
 
$
(3,908
)
 
$
(2,602
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) due to foreign currency translation, net of tax
 
283

 
(920
)
Ending balance
 
$
(3,625
)
 
$
(3,522
)
There were no amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 .
Note 7: Stock-Based Compensation and Stock Options
In November 2009, the Company granted an executive stock options to purchase 300,000 shares of common stock with an exercise price of $14.97 , of which 75,000 options vest and became exercisable annually starting July 1, 2011. The options' original expiration date was November 2019. As of June 30, 2016 , 300,000 of these options were forfeited upon the departure of the executive.
In January 2012, the Company granted certain executives stock options to purchase 100,000 shares of common stock with an exercise price of $28.98 , of which 25,000 options became exercisable annually starting January 23, 2013. The options expire in January 2022. As of June 30, 2016 , 50,000 options were outstanding and vested. During 2014 , 25,000 options were canceled and 25,000 options were forfeited upon the departure of an executive. Total stock-based compensation for the three months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 related to the outstanding stock option grant were $0 and $60,000 , respectively. Total stock-based compensation for the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 related to the outstanding stock option grant were $5,000 and $119,000 , respectively. As of June 30, 2016 , there was no unrecognized stock-based compensation expense relating to these options.
In July 2013, the Company granted an executive stock options to purchase 75,000 shares of common stock with an exercise price of $29.58 , of which 25,000 options became exercisable annually starting July 1, 2015. The options' original expiration date was July 2023. As of June 30, 2016 , 25,000 options were forfeited and 50,000 of these options were canceled upon the departure of the executive.
In September 2015, the Company granted an executive stock options to purchase 400,000 shares of common stock with an exercise price of $8.07 , of which 50,000 options became exercisable quarterly starting March 31, 2016. The options expire in September 2025. As of June 30, 2016 , 400,000 options were outstanding and 100,000 of these options were vested. Total stock-based compensation for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 , related to this option grant were $196,000 and $391,000 , respectively. As of June 30, 2016 , there was approximately $1.2 million of unrecognized stock-based compensation expense relating to these options. This amount is expected to be recognized over 1.5 years . See Note 10 to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for further information.
In March 2016, the Company granted certain executives stock options to purchase 150,000 shares of common stock with an exercise price of $8.55 , of which 37,500 options vest and become exercisable annually starting on March 7, 2017. The options expire in March 2026. As of June 30, 2016 , 150,000 options were outstanding and none of these options were vested. Total stock-based compensation for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 , related to these option grants were $34,000 and $46,000 , respectively. As of June 30, 2016 , there was approximately $654,000 of unrecognized stock-based compensation expense relating to these options. This amount is expected to be recognized over 3.8 years .

13



Note 8: Stock Repurchase Program
The Company's stock repurchase programs assist in offsetting the impact of dilution from employee equity compensation and assist with capital allocation. Management is allowed discretion in the execution of the repurchase program based upon market conditions and consideration of capital allocation.
In July 2012, the Company announced a stock repurchase program authorizing the repurchase of up to 1,000,000 shares of the Company’s outstanding common stock. There were 29,000 shares remaining to be repurchased under this program as of December 31, 2013 , which were repurchased in 2014 .
In January 2014 , the Company announced a stock repurchase program authorizing the repurchase of up to 500,000 shares of the Company’s outstanding common stock. During the year ended December 31, 2014 , the Company repurchased 261,000 shares of common stock for an aggregate purchase price of $5.9 million , which were recorded as part of treasury stock as of December 31, 2014 . During the year ended December 31, 2015 , the Company repurchased 212,000 shares of common stock for an aggregate purchase price of $1.7 million . The shares repurchased under this program were retired as of December 31, 2015 . There were 56,000 shares remaining to be repurchased under this program as of December 31, 2015 , which were repurchased and retired during the three months ended March 31, 2016 .
In February 2016 , the Company announced a stock repurchase program authorizing the repurchase of up to 1,000,000 shares of the Company’s outstanding common stock. During the three months ended March 31, 2016 , the Company repurchased 246,000 shares of common stock, including the 56,000 shares from the previous stock repurchase program, for an aggregate purchase price of $2.0 million , which were retired as of March 31, 2016 . During the three months ended June 30, 2016 , the Company repurchased 383,000 shares of common stock, for an aggregate purchase price of $3.0 million , which were retired as of June 30, 2016 . There were 427,000 shares remaining to be repurchased under this program as of June 30, 2016 .

14



Note 9: Segment Reporting and Significant Customer Information
The Company manages its business geographically and has three reportable operating segments: Asia Pacific, Europe and North America. Asia Pacific consists of the Company's operations in Australia, China, Hong Kong, Japan, Taiwan, and Southeast Asia. Europe consists of the Company’s operations in France, Germany, Spain, and the U.K. North America consists of the Company’s operations in Canada and the U.S.
Management relies on an internal management reporting process that provides revenue and segment operating income (loss) for making financial decisions and allocating resources. Management believes that segment revenues and operating income (loss) are appropriate measures of evaluating the operational performance of the Company’s segments.
The following is a summary of operating results and assets (in thousands) by business segment:
 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2016
Asia Pacific
 
Europe
 
North
America
 
Other
 
Consolidated
Revenues from unaffiliated customers
$
2,412

 
$
9,946

 
$
21,688

 
$

 
$
34,046

Intersegment revenues
35

 
(247
)
 
212

 

 

Total net revenues
2,447

 
9,699

 
21,900

 

 
34,046

Operating income (loss)
$
(1,224
)
 
$
1,791

 
$
3,209

 
$

 
$
3,776

 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2015
Asia Pacific
 
Europe
 
North
America
 
Other
 
Consolidated
Revenues from unaffiliated customers
$
2,728

 
$
10,337

 
$
23,727

 
$

 
$
36,792

Intersegment revenues
(15
)
 
(78
)
 
93

 

 

Total net revenues
2,713

 
10,259

 
23,820

 

 
36,792

Operating income (loss)
$
(268
)
 
$
47

 
$
2,549

 
$

 
$
2,328

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2016
Asia Pacific
 
Europe
 
North
America
 
Other
 
Consolidated
Revenues from unaffiliated customers
$
4,671

 
$
20,912

 
$
43,267

 
$

 
$
68,850

Intersegment revenues
36

 
(321
)
 
285

 

 

Total net revenues
4,707

 
20,591

 
43,552

 

 
68,850

Operating income (loss)
$
(2,268
)
 
$
3,885

 
$
5,307

 

 
$
6,924

 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2015
Asia Pacific
 
Europe
 
North
America
 
Other
 
Consolidated
Revenues from unaffiliated customers
$
5,381

 
$
22,116

 
$
48,440

 
$

 
$
75,937

Intersegment revenues
(20
)
 
(295
)
 
315

 

 

Total net revenues
5,361

 
21,821

 
48,755

 

 
75,937

Operating income (loss)
$
(1,101
)
 
$
1,776

 
$
4,635

 
$

 
$
5,310

 

As of June 30, 2016
Asia Pacific
 
Europe
 
North
America
 
Elimination
 
Consolidated
Long-lived assets
$
281

 
$
938

 
$
6,009

 
$

 
$
7,228

Total assets
$
4,545

 
$
48,712

 
$
73,552

 
$
(66,656
)
 
$
60,153

 
As of December 31, 2015
Asia Pacific
 
Europe
 
North
America
 
Elimination
 
Consolidated
Long-lived assets
$
369

 
$
899

 
$
6,652

 
$

 
$
7,920

Total assets
$
5,845

 
$
54,452

 
$
71,626

 
$
(63,344
)
 
$
68,579


15



Revenue for each segment is recognized based on the customer location within a designated geographic region. Property and equipment are attributed to the geographic region in which the assets are located. Revenues from unaffiliated customers excludes intersegment revenues and represents revenue with parties unaffiliated with Travelzoo Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries.
For the three months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 , the Company did not have any customers that accounted for 10% or more of revenue. As of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 , the Company had one Search customer that accounted for 17% and 15% , respectively, of accounts receivable.
The following table sets forth the breakdown of revenues (in thousands) by category and segment. Travel revenue includes travel publications ( Top 20 , Website , Newsflash , Travelzoo Network ), Getaways vouchers and hotel platform. Search revenue includes SuperSearch and Fly.com . Local revenue includes Local Deals vouchers and entertainment offers (vouchers and direct bookings). 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Asia Pacific
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Travel
$
2,220

 
$
2,344

 
$
4,247

 
$
4,604

Search
9

 
16

 
14

 
27

Local
218

 
353

 
446

 
730

Total Asia Pacific revenues
$
2,447

 
$
2,713

 
$
4,707

 
$
5,361

Europe
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Travel
$
8,075

 
$
8,155

 
$
17,082

 
$
17,604

Search
242

 
698

 
576

 
1,338

Local
1,382

 
1,406

 
2,933

 
2,879

Total Europe revenues
$
9,699

 
$
10,259

 
$
20,591

 
$
21,821

North America
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Travel
$
14,240

 
$
14,688

 
$
28,997

 
$
30,728

Search
3,996

 
3,900

 
7,634

 
8,638

Local
3,664

 
5,232

 
6,921

 
9,389

Total North America revenues
$
21,900

 
$
23,820

 
$
43,552

 
$
48,755

Consolidated
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Travel
$
24,535

 
$
25,187

 
$
50,326

 
$
52,936

Search
4,247

 
4,614

 
8,224

 
10,003

Local
5,264

 
6,991

 
10,300

 
12,998

Total revenues
$
34,046

 
$
36,792

 
$
68,850

 
$
75,937

Revenue by geography is based on the billing address of the advertiser. Long-lived assets attributed to the U.S. and international geographies are based upon the country in which the asset is located or owned. The following table sets forth revenue for countries that exceed 10% of total revenue (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Revenue
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
$
20,887

 
$
22,496

 
$
41,189

 
$
45,927

United Kingdom
6,547

 
6,856

 
13,668

 
14,727

Rest of the world
6,612

 
7,440

 
13,993

 
15,283

Total revenues
$
34,046

 
$
36,792

 
$
68,850

 
$
75,937

 

16



The following table sets forth long lived asset by geographic area (in thousands):  
 
As of June 30, 2016
 
As of December 31, 2015
United States
$
5,527

 
$
6,167

Rest of the world
1,701

 
1,753

Total long lived assets
$
7,228

 
$
7,920

Note 10: Related Party Transactions
On August 20, 2015, Travelzoo acquired the Travelzoo Asia Pacific business (“Travelzoo Asia Pacific”), which includes the Travelzoo businesses in Australia, China, Hong Kong, Japan, Taiwan, and Southeast Asia. This business was independently operated by Azzurro Capital Inc. ("Azzurro") under a licensing agreement with Travelzoo Inc. The Company held an option right to acquire Travelzoo Asia Pacific at fair market value as determined by a third party valuation expert. Under the terms of the definitive acquisition agreement, Travelzoo (Europe) Limited, a United Kingdom subsidiary of the Company, was authorized by the Company to exercise the option right to acquire Travelzoo Asia Pacific for a fair market transaction value of $22.6 million , subject to a working capital adjustment, using available cash of $17.0 million and a promissory note of $5.7 million with a maturity date of three years. In January 2016, Travelzoo (Europe) Limited paid off the promissory note of $5.7 million using available cash in Europe.
The Company’s board of directors established a special committee (the “Special Committee”), consisting of independent and disinterested directors and provided it with the exclusive power and authority to determine whether any potential transaction to acquire Travelzoo Asia Pacific was advisable, fair to and in the best interests of the Company's stockholders other than Azzurro, the principal stockholder of Travelzoo Inc. The Special Committee engaged independent legal counsel and an independent financial advisor, Stout Risius Ross, Inc. (“SRR”). The Special Committee obtained the right to select its own independent financial advisor, SRR, to independently determine the fair market value of Travelzoo Asia Pacific to be used as the option exercise price and received an opinion from SRR regarding the fairness of the Travelzoo Asia Pacific transaction from a financial point of view. SRR determined that $22.6 million represented the fair market value of Travelzoo Asia Pacific to be used as the option exercise price based upon the use of established valuation methodologies. The Special Committee, which was composed solely of independent and disinterested directors, unanimously approved the acquisition of Travelzoo Asia Pacific at the fair market value option exercise price with the assistance of its independent legal and financial advisors.
Ralph Bartel, who founded Travelzoo and who is a Director of the Company is the sole beneficiary of the Ralph Bartel 2005 Trust, which is the controlling shareholder of Azzurro. As of June 30, 2016 , Azzurro is the Company's largest stockholder, holding approximately 53.5% of the Company’s outstanding shares.
Since Azzurro had a controlling interest in both Travelzoo Inc. and Travelzoo Asia Pacific at the time of the transaction and in prior periods, this transaction is accounted for as a common control transaction and a change in reporting entity for the Company. The financial results for Travelzoo Inc. have been retrospectively adjusted to include the financial results of Travelzoo Asia Pacific for prior periods as though the transaction occurred at the beginning of each period presented, including the following adjustments:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2015
 
2015
Revenue
$
2,713

 
$
5,361

Operating loss
$
(268
)
 
(1,101
)
Net Loss
$
(484
)
 
(1,663
)
Other Comprehensive income
$
64

 
188

Basic and diluted loss per share
$
(0.03
)
 
$
(0.11
)

17



The Travelzoo Asia Pacific assets and liabilities have been combined with Travelzoo Inc. at their carrying values as though the transaction occurred at the beginning of each period presented. At June 30, 2016 , and December 31, 2015 , Travelzoo Asia Pacific net liabilities, total assets minus total liabilities, were $9.1 million , and $6.8 million , respectively.
The Travelzoo Asia Pacific transaction proceeds of $22.6 million were reflected as an equity transaction, included in retained earnings, during the period the transaction occurred, which was in the year ended December 31, 2015 .
Travelzoo (Europe) Limited, a United Kingdom subsidiary of the Company, acquired the Asia Pacific business, which includes certain customary seller indemnifications, through the acquisition of Travelzoo (Asia) Limited, including its wholly owned subsidiaries, and Travelzoo Japan KK. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions between Travelzoo Inc. and the acquired Travelzoo Asia Pacific entities have been eliminated for all periods presented.
In November 2014, Azzurro provided a loan to Travelzoo Asia Pacific of $1.0 million with a stated interest rate of 8% . There was a $1.0 million loan and $5,000 accrued interest due to Azzurro as of December 31, 2014 . From January 1, 2015 to August 20, 2015 , Azzurro provided loans to Travelzoo Asia Pacific amounting to $2.2 million with a stated interest rate of 10% . In September 2015, the Company paid the due and outstanding principal loan amount of $3.3 million and accrued interest of $128,000 .
On August 20, 2015, as part of the transaction proceeds Travelzoo (Europe) Limited issued a promissory note to Azzurro with a principal amount of $5.7 million , with a maturity date of August 20, 2018 and the ability to pay off principal prior to this maturity date with no prepayment penalty and a stated interest rate of 7% , which is due and payable on a quarterly basis. There were $5.7 million loans due to Azzurro as of December 31, 2015 . In January 2016, Travelzoo (Europe) Limited paid off the full amount of the loan of $5.7 million and interest of $110,000 .
On September 28, 2015, Holger Bartel, Executive Chairman and Chairman of the Board of Directors, was granted 400,000 stock options that vest through December 31, 2017 in connection with his appointment to the role of Global Chief Executive Officer. See Note 7 to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for further information.



18



Item 2.        Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The information in this report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Such statements are based upon current expectations, assumptions, estimates and projections about Travelzoo and our industry. These forward-looking statements are subject to the many risks and uncertainties that exist in our operations and business environment that may cause actual results, performance or achievements of Travelzoo to be different from those expected or anticipated in the forward-looking statements. Any statements contained herein that are not statements of historical fact may be deemed to be forward-looking statements. For example, words such as “may”, “will”, “should”, “estimates”, “predicts”, “potential”, “continue”, “strategy”, “believes”, “anticipates”, “plans”, “expects”, “intends”, and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Travelzoo’s actual results and the timing of certain events could differ significantly from those anticipated in such forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause or contribute to such a discrepancy include, but are not limited to, those discussed elsewhere in this report in the section entitled “Risk Factors” and the risks discussed in our other SEC filings. The forward-looking statements included in this report reflect the beliefs of our management on the date of this report. Travelzoo undertakes no obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statements for any reason, even if new information becomes available or other circumstances occur in the future.
Overview
Travelzoo Inc. (the “Company” or “Travelzoo”) is a global media commerce company. We inform over 28 million members in Asia Pacific, Europe and North America, as well as millions of website users, about the best travel and entertainment deals available from thousands of companies. Our deal experts source, research and test-book offers, recommending only those that meet Travelzoo’s rigorous quality standards. We provide travel, entertainment and local businesses with a fast, flexible, and cost-effective way to reach millions of consumers. Our revenues are generated primarily from advertising fees.
Our publications and products include the Travelzoo websites (www.travelzoo.com, www.travelzoo.ca, www.travelzoo.co.uk, www.travelzoo.de, www.travelzoo.es, www.travelzoo.fr, cn.travelzoo.com, www.travelzoo.co.jp, www.travelzoo.com.au, www.travelzoo.com.hk, www.travelzoo.com.tw, among others), the Travelzoo Top 20 e-mail newsletter, and the Newsflash e-mail alert service. We operate SuperSearch, a pay-per-click travel search tool, and the Travelzoo Network , a network of third-party websites that list deals published by Travelzoo. Our Travelzoo websites include Local Deals and Getaways listings that allow our members to purchase vouchers for deals from local businesses such as spas, hotels and restaurants. We receive a percentage of the face value of the voucher from the local businesses. We also operate Fly.com , a travel search engine that allows users to quickly and easily find the best prices on flights from hundreds of airlines and online travel agencies.
On August 20, 2015 we acquired the Travelzoo Asia Pacific business (“Travelzoo Asia Pacific”), which includes the Travelzoo businesses in Australia, China, Hong Kong, Japan, Taiwan, and Southeast Asia. This business was independently operated by Azzurro under a licensing agreement with Travelzoo Inc. Azzurro was the majority stockholder of Travelzoo Asia Pacific. Travelzoo Inc. accounted for this transaction as a common control transaction and change in reporting entity. The financial results for Travelzoo Inc. have been retrospectively adjusted to include the financial results of Asia Pacific in the current and prior periods as though the transaction occurred at the beginning of the each period presented. The Asia Pacific assets and liabilities have been combined with Travelzoo Inc. at their carrying values as though the transaction occurred at the beginning of each period presented. The Travelzoo Asia Pacific transaction proceeds were reflected as an equity transaction, included in retained earnings, during the period the transaction occurred, which was in the year ended December 31, 2015 . See Note 10 to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for further information on the acquisition of Travelzoo Asia Pacific.
Certain prior period statement of operations amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. Starting from three months ended September 30, 2015 , the Company changed the manner in which it allocates facilities costs to all of its operating activities and has a separate disclosure of product development costs as presented in Note 1 to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
More than 2,000 companies use our services, including Air New Zealand, Apple Vacations, British Airways, Cathay Pacific Airways, Expedia, Fairmont Hotels and Resorts, Hawaiian Airlines, Iceland Air, InterContinental Hotels Group, Interstate Hotels & Resorts, Lufthansa, Key Tours International, Liberty Travel, Princess Cruises, Singapore Airlines, Solar Tours, Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide, Travelocity, United Airlines, Vacation Express and Virgin Atlantic.



19



We have three reportable segments based on geographic regions: Asia Pacific, Europe and North America. Asia Pacific consists of our operations in Australia, China, Hong Kong, Japan, Taiwan, and Southeast Asia. Europe consists of our operations in France, Germany, Spain, and the U.K. North America consists of our operations in Canada and the U.S.
When evaluating the financial condition and operating performance of the Company, management focuses on financial and non-financial indicators such as growth in the number of members to the Company’s newsletters, operating margin, growth in revenues in the absolute and relative to the growth in reach of the Company’s publications measured as revenue per member and revenue per employee as a measure of productivity.
How We Generate Revenues
Our revenues are advertising revenues, consisting primarily of listing fees paid by travel companies, entertainment companies and local businesses to advertise their offers on Travelzoo’s media properties. Listing fees are based on audience reach, placement, number of listings, number of impressions, number of clicks, number of referrals, or percentage of the face value of vouchers sold. Insertion orders are typically for periods between one month and twelve months and are not automatically renewed. Merchant agreements for Local Deals and Getaways advertisers are typically for twelve months and are not automatically renewed. We have three separate groups of our advertising products: Travel, Search and Local.
Our Travel category of revenue includes the publishing revenue for negotiated high-quality deals from travel companies, such as hotels, airlines, cruises or car rentals and includes products such as Top 20 , Website, Newsflash, Travelzoo Network, as well as Getaways vouchers and commission revenues from hotel booking reservations. The revenues generated from these products are based upon a fee for number of e-mails sent to our audience, a fee for clicks delivered to the advertisers, a fee for placement of the advertising on our website or a fee based on a percentage of the face value of vouchers sold, hotel booking stays or other items sold. We recognize revenue upon delivery of the e-mails, delivery of the clicks, over the period of placement of the advertising, upon hotel booking stays and upon the sale of the vouchers or other items sold.
Our Search category of revenue includes comparison shopping tools for consumers to quickly and easily compare airfares, hotel and car rental prices and includes SuperSearch and Fly.com products. The revenues generated from these products are based upon a fee for clicks delivered to the advertisers or a fee for clicks delivered to advertisers that resulted in revenue for advertisers (i.e., successful clicks). We recognize revenue upon delivery of the clicks or successful clicks.
Our Local category of revenue includes the publishing revenue for negotiated high-quality deals from local businesses, such as restaurants, spas, shows, and other activities and includes Local Deals vouchers and entertainment offers (vouchers and direct bookings). The revenues generated from these products are based upon a percentage of the face value of vouchers or items sold or a fee for clicks delivered to the advertisers. We recognize revenue upon the sale of the vouchers, when we receive notification of the direct bookings or upon delivery of the clicks. The Company earns a fee for acting as an agent in these transactions, which is recorded on a net basis and is included in revenue upon completion of the voucher sale. Certain merchant contracts in foreign locations allow us to retain fees related to vouchers sold that are not redeemed by purchasers upon expiration, which we recognize as revenue after the expiration of the redemption period and after there are no further obligations to provide funds to merchants, members or others.

20



Trends in Our Business
Our ability to generate revenues in the future depends on numerous factors such as our ability to sell more advertising to existing and new advertisers, our ability to increase our audience reach and advertising rates, our ability to have sufficient supply of hotels offered at competitive rates and our ability to develop and launch new products.
Our current revenue model primarily depends on advertising fees paid primarily by travel, entertainment and local businesses. A number of factors can influence whether current and new advertisers decide to advertise their offers with us. We have been impacted and expect to continue to be impacted by external factors such as the shift from offline to online advertising, the relative condition of the economy and recent terrorist attacks, competition and the introduction of new methods of advertising, and the decline in consumer demand for vouchers. The introduction of competing services and changing search algorithms by search engines such as Google, Yahoo! and Microsoft which may reduce the level or quality of Internet traffic to our services, in particular our Search products, SuperSearch and Fly.com , and the competitive market pricing of voucher-based offerings may lead to us reducing our take rate (i.e., our commission) in order to maintain or grow the number of quality deals and merchants we are seeking. For example, the consolidation of the airline industry reduced our revenues generated from this sector, the reduction of capacity in the airline industry reduced demand to advertise for excess capacity, and the introduction of new voucher-based products offered by competitors impacted our ability to sell our existing advertising products. A number of factors will have an impact on our revenue, such as the reduction in spending by travel intermediaries due to their focus on improving profitability, the trend towards mobile usage by consumers, the willingness of consumers to purchase the deals we advertise, and the willingness of certain competitors to grow their business unprofitably. In addition, we have been impacted and expect to continue to be impacted by internal factors such as the introduction of new web and mobile products, hiring and relying on key employees for the continued maintenance and growth of our business and ensuring our advertising products continue to attract the audience that advertisers desire. In response to declining Search product revenue, which includes SuperSearch and Fly.com products, the Company is continuously reviewing the performance of these products, which has and will result in reduced traffic acquisition spend for these products and may result in merging the products, discontinuing or replacing one or both of them. Challenges with traffic acquisition from search engines and poor monetization on mobile devices have led to declines in Search revenue. Given these factors impacting our Search products, revenue from our Search products are expected to decline.

Existing advertisers may shift from one advertising service (e.g. Top 20 ) to another (e.g. Local Deals and Getaways ). These shifts between advertising services by advertisers could result in no incremental revenue or less revenue than in previous periods depending on the amount purchased by the advertisers, and in particular with Local Deals and Getaways , depending on how many vouchers are purchased by members. In addition, we are anticipating a shift from our existing hotel revenue to commission-based hotel revenue as we expand the use of our hotel platform, which may result in lower revenue depending on volume of hotel bookings.

Local revenues have been and may continue to decline over time due to market conditions driven by competition and declines in consumer demand. In the last several years, we have seen a decline in the number of vouchers sold and a decrease in the average take rate earned by us from the merchants for voucher sold.

Our ability to continue to generate advertising revenue depends heavily upon our ability to maintain and grow an attractive audience for our publications. We monitor our members to assess our efforts to maintain and grow our audience reach. We obtain additional members and activity on our websites by acquiring traffic from Internet search companies. The costs to grow our audience have had, and we expect will to continue to have, a significant impact on our financial results and can vary from period to period. We may have to increase our expenditures on acquiring traffic to continue to grow or maintain our reach of our publications due to competition. We continue to see a shift in the audience accessing our services through mobile devices and social media. We are starting to address this growing channel of our audience through development of our mobile applications and through marketing on social media channels. However, we will have to keep pace with technological change and trends to further address this shift in the audience behavior in order to offset any related declines in revenue.

We believe that we can increase our advertising rates only if the reach of our publications increases. We do not know if we will be able to increase the reach of our publications. If we are able to increase the reach of our publications, we still may not be able to or want to increase rates given market conditions such as intense competition in our industry. We have not had any significant rate increase in recent years due to intense competition in our industry. Even if we increase our rates, the increased price may reduce the amount of advertisers willing to advertise with us and, therefore, decrease our revenue. We may need to decrease our rates based on competitive market conditions and the performance of our audience in order to maintain or grow our revenue.

21



We do not know what our cost of revenues as a percentage of revenues will be in future periods. Our cost of revenues will increase if the number of searches performed on Fly.com increases because we pay a fee based on the number of searches performed on Fly.com . Our cost of revenues will increase if the face value of vouchers that we sell for Local Deals and Getaways increases or the total number of vouchers sold increases because we have credit card fees based upon face value of vouchers sold, due to customer service costs related to vouchers sold and due to member refunds on vouchers sold. Our cost of revenues are expected to increase due to our effort to develop our hotel booking platform as well. We expect fluctuations in cost of revenues as a percentage of revenues from quarter to quarter. Some of the fluctuations may be significant and have a material impact on our results of operations.
We do not know what our sales and marketing expenses as a percentage of revenue will be in future periods. Increased competition in our industry may require us to increase advertising for our brand and for our products. In order to increase the reach of our publications, we have to acquire a significant number of new members in every quarter and continue to promote our brand. One significant factor that impacts our advertising expenses is the average cost per acquisition of a new member. Increases in the average cost of acquiring new members may result in an increase of sales and marketing expenses as a percentage of revenue. We believe that the average cost per acquisition depends mainly on the advertising rates which we pay for media buys, our ability to manage our member acquisition efforts successfully, the regions we choose to acquire new members and the relative costs for that region, and the degree of competition in our industry. We may decide to accelerate our member acquisition for various strategic and tactical reasons and, as a result, increase our marketing expenses. We expect the average cost per acquisition to increase with our increased expectations for the quality of the members we acquire. We may see an unique opportunity for a brand marketing campaign that will result in an increase of marketing expenses. In addition, there may be a significant number of members that cancel or we may cancel their subscription for various reasons, which may drive us to spend more on member acquisition in order to replace the lost members. Further, we expect to continue our strategy over time to replicate our business model in selected foreign markets to result in a significant increase in our sales and marketing expenses and have a material adverse impact on our results of operations. For example, we recently acquired our Asia Pacific business, and we intend on increasing our investment in audience in this region. Due to the continued desire to grow our business in Asia Pacific, Europe and North America, we expect relatively high level of sales and marketing expenses in the foreseeable future. We expect fluctuations in sales and marketing expenses as a percentage of revenue from year to year and from quarter to quarter. Some of the fluctuations may be significant and have a material impact on our results of operations. We expect increased marketing expense to spur continued growth in members and revenue in future periods; however, we cannot be assured of this due to the many factors that impact our growth in members and revenue. We expect to adjust the level of such incremental spending during any given quarter based upon market conditions, as well as our performance in each quarter. We have increased and may continue to increase our spending on sales and marketing to increase the number of our members and address the growing audience from mobile and social media channels, as well as to increase our analytic capabilities to continuously improve the presentation of our offerings to our audience.
We do not know what our product development expenses as a percentage of revenue will be in future periods. There may be fluctuations that have a material impact on our results of operations. Product development changes may lead to reductions of revenue based on changes in the way that we present our deals to our audience. We expect our efforts on developing our product and services will continue to be a focus in the future, which may lead to increased product development expenses. This increase in expense may be the result of an increase in headcount, the compensation related to existing headcount and the increased use of professional services. We expect our continued expansion into foreign markets and development of new advertising formats to result in a significant additional increase in our product development expenses. We expect to incur additional costs related to the development of our hotel platform capabilities, which we are developing, in part, to address the shift to mobile devices. We also may increase our investment in product development to ensure our products are suited for different regions such as Asia Pacific. In addition, we expect to incur additional costs related to the development of our search capabilities of our website and mobile applications.
We do not know what our general and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenue will be in future periods. There may be fluctuations that have a material impact on our results of operations. We expect our headcount to continue to fluctuate in the future. The Company’s headcount is one of the main drivers of general and administrative expenses. Therefore, we expect our absolute general and administrative expenses to continue to increase. We expect our continued expansion into foreign markets to result in an increase in our general and administrative expenses. Our general and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenue may also fluctuate depending on the number of requests received related to a program under which the Company intends to make cash payments to people who establish that they were former stockholders of Travelzoo.com Corporation, whose claims were not escheated to states and who failed to submit requests to convert shares into Travelzoo Inc. within the required time period. We expect an increase in professional fees for various initiatives.

22



We do not know what our income taxes will be in future periods. There may be fluctuations that have a material impact on our results of operations. Our income taxes are dependent on numerous factors such as the geographic mix of our taxable income, federal and state and foreign country tax law and regulations and changes thereto, the determination of whether valuation allowances for certain tax assets are required or not, audits of prior years’ tax returns resulting in adjustments, resolution of uncertain tax positions and different treatment for certain items for tax versus books, such as the disposition of our Asia Pacific business in 2009 and the acquisition of our Asia Pacific business in 2015. We expect fluctuations in our income taxes from year to year and from quarter to quarter. Some of the fluctuations may be significant and have a material impact on our results of operations.
The key elements of our growth strategy include building a travel and lifestyle brand with a large, high-quality user base and offering our users products that keep pace with consumer preference and technology, such as the trend toward mobile usage by consumers. We expect to continue our efforts to grow our revenues; however, we may not grow or we may experience slower growth. Some examples of our efforts to expand our business internationally since our inception in the U.S. have been expansion to the U.K. in 2005, Canada in 2006, Germany in 2006, France in 2007, and Spain in 2008. In addition, from 2007 through 2009 we began operations in Asia Pacific, including in Australia, China, Hong Kong, Japan, Taiwan, and Southeast Asia. We also have launched new products to grow our revenue, such as the introduction of Fly.com in 2009, Local Deals in 2010, Getaways in 2011, as well as our mobile application launches in 2011 and 2012. In late 2012, we bought an online hotel platform to assist in our development of a product to better serve hotels and to facilitate the development of our hotel platform. We have also increased our spending on addressing the shift of our audience to mobile devices and social media.
We believe that we can sell more advertising if the market for online advertising continues to grow and if we can maintain or increase our market share. We believe that the market for advertising continues to shift from offline to online. We do not know if we will be able to maintain or increase our market share. We do not know if we will be able to increase the number of our advertisers in the future. We do not know if we will have market acceptance of our new products or whether the market will continue to accept our existing products.
Results of Operations
The following table sets forth, as a percentage of total revenues, the results from our operations for the periods indicated.
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Revenues
100.0
%
 
100.0
%
 
100.0
%
 
100.0
%
Cost of revenues
10.6

 
14.2

 
11.1

 
12.8
%
Gross profit
89.4

 
85.8

 
88.9

 
87.2

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales and marketing
56.2

 
56.3

 
55.3

 
56.4

Product development
6.1

 
8.7

 
7.2

 
8.3

General and administrative
16.0

 
14.5

 
16.3

 
15.5

Total operating expenses
78.3

 
79.5

 
78.8

 
80.2

Income from operations
11.1

 
6.3

 
10.1

 
7.0

Other income (expense)
(0.3
)
 
(0.6
)
 

 
(0.9
)
Income before income taxes
10.8

 
5.7

 
10.1

 
6.1

Income taxes
4.9

 
3.4

 
4.2

 
4.0

Net income
5.9
%
 
2.3
%
 
5.9
%
 
2.1
%

23



Operating Metrics
The following table sets forth selected operating metrics for Asia Pacific, Europe and North America:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
Asia Pacific
 
 
 
Total members (1)
3,610,000

 
3,441,000

Average cost per acquisition of a new member
$
3.94

 
$
0.47

Revenue per member (2)
$
2.81

 
$
3.07

Revenue per employee (3)
$
110,000

 
$
110,000

Mobile application downloads
615,000

 
524,000

Social media followers
392,000

 
376,000

Europe
 
 
 
Total members (1)
8,146,000

 
7,566,000

Average cost per acquisition of a new member
$
3.20

 
$
3.57

Revenue per member (2)
$
4.94

 
$
5.63

Revenue per employee (3)
$
257,000

 
$
270,000

Mobile application downloads
1,526,000

 
1,324,000

Social media followers
654,000

 
552,000

North America
 
 
 
Total members (1)
17,376,000

 
17,152,000

Average cost per acquisition of a new member
$
2.44

 
$
2.21

Revenue per member (2)
$
5.10

 
$
5.61

Revenue per employee (3)
$
413,000

 
$
392,000

Mobile application downloads
2,920,000

 
2,527,000

Social media followers
2,444,000

 
2,081,000

Consolidated
 
 
 
Total members (1)
28,994,000

 
28,023,000

Average cost per acquisition of a new member
$
2.77

 
$
2.65

Revenue per member (2)
$
4.77

 
$
5.29

Revenue per employee (3)
$
301,000

 
$
298,000

Mobile application downloads
5,062,000

 
4,375,000

Social media followers
3,491,000

 
3,010,000


(1)
Members represent individuals who are signed up to receive one or more of our free email publications that present our travel, entertainment and local deals.
(2)
Annualized revenue divided by number of members at the beginning of the year.
(3)
Annualized revenue divided by number of employees at the end of the quarter.


24



Revenues
The following table sets forth the breakdown of revenues (in thousands) by category and segment. Travel revenue includes travel publications ( Top 20 , Website , Newsflash , Travelzoo Network ), Getaways vouchers and hotel platform. Search revenue includes SuperSearch and Fly.com . Local revenue includes Local Deals vouchers and entertainment offers (vouchers and direct bookings).  
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Asia Pacific
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Travel
2,220

 
2,344

 
4,247

 
4,604

Search
9

 
16

 
14

 
27

Local
218

 
353

 
446

 
730

Total Asia Pacific revenues
2,447

 
2,713

 
4,707

 
5,361

Europe
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Travel
$
8,075

 
$
8,155

 
$
17,082

 
$
17,604

Search
242

 
698

 
576

 
1,338

Local
1,382

 
1,406

 
2,933

 
2,879

Total Europe revenues
$
9,699

 
$
10,259

 
$
20,591

 
$
21,821

North America
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Travel
$
14,240

 
$
14,688

 
$
28,997

 
$
30,728

Search
3,996

 
3,900

 
7,634

 
8,638

Local
3,664

 
5,232

 
6,921

 
9,389

Total North America revenues
$
21,900

 
$
23,820

 
$
43,552

 
$
48,755

Travel
$
24,535

 
$
25,187

 
$
50,326

 
$
52,936

Search
4,247

 
4,614

 
8,224

 
10,003

Local
5,264

 
6,991

 
10,300

 
12,998

Total revenues
$
34,046

 
$
36,792

 
$
68,850

 
$
75,937

Asia Pacific
Asia Pacific revenues decreased $266,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2016 from the three months ended June 30, 2015 . The decrease was primarily due to a $145,000 decrease in Travel revenues, a $124,000 decrease in Local revenues and a $10,000 positive impact from foreign currency movements relative to the U.S. dollar. The decrease in Travel revenue of $145,000 was primarily due to the decreased number of emails sent and paid clicks. The decrease in Local revenues of $124,000 was primarily due to the decreased number of Local Deals vouchers sold.
Asia Pacific revenues decreased $654,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2016 from the six months ended June 30, 2015 . The decrease was primarily due to a $348,000 decrease in Local revenues, a $289,000 decrease in Travel revenues, and a $67,000 negative impact from foreign currency movements relative to the U.S. dollar. The decrease in Local revenues of $348,000 was primarily due to the decreased number of Local Deals vouchers sold. The decrease in Travel revenue of $289,000 was primarily due to the decreased number of emails sent and paid clicks.
Europe
Europe revenues decreased $560,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2016 from the three months ended June 30, 2015 . This decrease was primarily due to a $340,000 negative impact from foreign currency movements relative to the U.S. dollar, a $428,000 decrease in Search revenues, offset by a $164,000 increase in Travel revenues. The decrease in Search revenue of $428,000 was primarily due to the decreased number of clicks that generate revenue as a result of decreased spending on traffic acquisition. The increase in Travel revenue of $164,000 was primarily due to an increased number of emails sent.

25



Europe revenues decreased $1.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2016 from the six months ended June 30, 2015 . This decrease was primarily due to a $842,000 negative impact from foreign currency movements relative to the U.S. dollar, a $707,000 decrease in Search revenues, offset by a $193,000 increase in Local revenues and a $125,000 increase in Travel revenues. The decrease in Search revenue of $707,000 was primarily due to the decreased number of clicks that generate revenue as a result of decreased spending on traffic acquisition. The increase in Local revenue of $193,000 was primarily due to an increased number of Local Deals vouchers sold. The increase in Travel revenue of $125,000 was primarily due to an increased number of emails sent.
North America
North America revenues decreased $1.9 million for the three months ended June 30, 2016 from the three months ended June 30, 2015 . This decrease was primarily due to the decrease in Local and Travel revenues. The decrease in Local revenues of $1.6 million was primarily due to the decreased number of Local Deals vouchers sold. The decrease in Travel revenue of $448,000 was primarily due to the decreased number of Getaways vouchers sold and paid clicks. The North America revenue decrease includes a $68,000 negative impact from foreign currency movement relative to the U.S. dollar.
North America revenues decreased $5.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2016 from the six months ended June 30, 2015 . This decrease was primarily due to the decrease in Local, Travel and Search and Local revenues. The decrease in Local revenues of $2.5 million was primarily due to the decreased number of Local Deals vouchers sold. The decrease in Travel revenue of $1.7 million was primarily due to the decreased number of Getaways vouchers sold and paid clicks. The decrease in Search revenue of $1.0 million was primarily due to the decreased number of clicks that generate revenue as a result of decreased spending on traffic acquisition. The North America revenue decrease includes a $213,000 negative impact from foreign currency movement relative to the U.S. dollar
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 , none of our customers accounted for 10% or more of our revenue.
Cost of Revenues
Cost of revenues consists primarily of network expenses, including fees we pay for co-location services and depreciation and maintenance of network equipment, payments made to third-party partners of the Travelzoo Network , fees we pay related to user searches on Fly.com , amortization of capitalized website development costs, credit card fees, certain estimated member refunds and customer service costs associated with vouchers we sell, and salary expenses associated with network operations and customer service staff and facilities costs. Cost of revenues was $3.6 million and $5.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2016 and June 30, 2015 , respectively. Cost of revenues was $7.6 million and $9.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2016 and June 30, 2015 , respectively.
Cost of revenue decreased $1.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2016 from the three months ended June 30, 2015 . This decrease was primarily due to a $1.0 million decrease in payments made to third-party partners of the Travelzoo Network, and a $204,000 decrease in salary and employee related expenses due in part to a decrease in headcount.
Cost of revenue decreased $2.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2016 from the six months ended June 30, 2015 . This decrease was primarily due to a $1.5 million decrease in payments made to third-party partners of the Travelzoo Network, and a $254,000 decrease in salary and employee related expenses due in part to a decrease in headcount.
Operating Expenses
Sales and Marketing
Sales and marketing expenses consist primarily of advertising and promotional expenses, salary expenses associated with sales, marketing and production staff, expenses related to our participation in industry conferences, public relations expenses and facilities costs. Sales and marketing expenses were $19.1 million and $20.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. For the three months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 , advertising expenses accounted for 35% of the total sales and marketing expenses for each period and consisted primarily of online advertising referred to as traffic acquisition cost and member acquisition costs. The goal of our advertising was to acquire new members to our e-mail products, increase the traffic to our websites, increase brand awareness and increase our audience through mobile and social media channels.
Sales and marketing expenses were $38.1 million and $42.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 , advertising expenses accounted for 34% of the total sales and marketing expenses for each period.

26



Sales and marketing expenses decreased $1.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2016 from the three months ended June 30, 2015 . The decrease was primarily due to a $1.1 million decrease in salary and employee related expenses due in part to a decrease in headcount, a $1.0 million decrease in brand marketing costs, offset by a $446,000 increase in Search traffic acquisition and member acquisition costs.
Sales and marketing expenses decreased $4.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2016 from the six months ended June 30, 2015 . The decrease was primarily due to a $3.1 million decrease in salary and employee related expenses due in part to a decrease in headcount, and a $1.2 million decrease in brand marketing costs.
Product Development
Product development expenses consist primarily of compensation for software development staff, fees for professional services, software maintenance and amortization, and facilities costs. Product development expenses were $2.1 million and $3.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 , respectively. Product development expenses were $5.0 million and $6.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 , respectively.
Product development expenses decreased $1.1 million for three months ended June 30, 2016 from the three months ended June 30, 2015 . The decrease was primarily due to $528,000 decrease in salary and employee related expenses due in part to a decrease in headcount.
Product development expenses decreased $1.3 million for six months ended June 30, 2016 from the six months ended June 30, 2015 . The decrease was primarily due to a $686,000 decrease in salary and employee related expenses due in part to a decrease in headcount.
General and Administrative
General and administrative expenses consist primarily of compensation for administrative, executive, bad debt expense, amortization of intangible assets, general office expense and facilities costs. General and administrative expenses were $5.4 million and $5.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 , respectively. General and administrative expenses were $11.2 million and $11.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 , respectively.
General and administrative expenses increased $99,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2016 from the three months ended June 30, 2015 . The increase was primarily due to $434,000 increase in professional service expenses, offset by a $313,000 decrease in salary and employee related expenses due in part to a decrease in headcount.
General and administrative expenses decreased $539,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2016 from the six months ended June 30, 2015 . The decrease was primarily due to decrease in salary and employee related expenses due in part to a decrease in headcount.
Income Taxes
Our income is generally taxed in the U.S., Canada, and U.K. Our income tax provisions reflect federal, state and country statutory rates applicable to our levels of worldwide income, adjusted to take into account expenses that are treated as having no recognizable tax benefit. Income tax expense was $1.7 million and $1.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 , respectively. Our effective tax rate was 45% and 60% for the three months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 , respectively. Income tax expense was $2.9 million and $3.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 , respectively. Our effective tax rate was 42.0% and 66.0% for the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 , respectively.
Our effective tax rate decreased for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 from the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 , due primarily to the change of geographic mix of taxable income and a $565,000 income tax expense for unrecognized tax benefits related to certain state tax matters for the six months ended June 30, 2015 . We expect our effective tax rate to fluctuate in future periods depending on the geographic mix of our worldwide taxable income, losses or gains incurred by our operations in Asia Pacific, Canada and Europe, statutory tax rate changes that may occur, existing or new uncertain tax matters that may arise and require changes in tax reserves, the use of accumulated losses to offset current taxable income in Asia Pacific and the need for valuation allowances on certain tax assets, if any.

27



U.S. income and foreign withholding taxes have not been provided on undistributed earnings for certain non-U.S. subsidiaries. The undistributed earnings on a book basis for those non-U.S. subsidiaries are approximately $10.6 million . The Company intends to reinvest these earnings indefinitely in its operations outside the U.S. If the undistributed earnings are remitted to the U.S., these amounts would be taxable in the U.S. at the current federal and state tax rates net of foreign tax credits. Also, depending on the jurisdiction any distribution may be subject to withholding taxes at rates applicable for that jurisdiction.
We file income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction and various states and foreign jurisdictions. We are subject to U.S. federal and certain state tax examinations for years after 2008 and are subject to California tax examinations for years after 2005. The material foreign jurisdictions where the Company is subject to potential examinations by tax authorities are the France, Germany, Spain and United Kingdom for tax years after 2009. These examinations may lead to ordinary course adjustments or proposed adjustments to our taxes or our net operating income. Our 2009 and 2010 federal income tax returns are currently under examination, including a review of the impact of the sale of Asia Pacific business segment in 2009. In connection with this examination, the Company received a Revenue Agent's Report (RAR) from the IRS, generally issued at the conclusion of an IRS examination. The RAR proposes an increase to our U.S. taxable income, which would result in additional federal tax, federal penalty and state tax expense totaling approximately $31.0 million , excluding interest and state penalties, if any. See Note 5 to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for further information.
Segment Information
Asia Pacific  
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
(In thousands)
 
(In thousands)
Revenues
2,447

 
2,713

 
4,707

 
5,361

Loss from operations
$
(1,224
)
 
$
(268
)
 
$
(2,268
)
 
$
(1,101
)
Loss from operations as a % of revenues
(50.0
)%
 
(9.9
)%
 
(48.2
)%
 
(20.5
)%
Asia Pacific net revenues decreased $266,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2016 from the three months ended June 30, 2015 (see “Revenues” above). Asia Pacific expenses increased $690,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2016 from the three months ended June 30, 2015 . This increase was primarily due to a $606,000 increase in member acquisition and marketing costs.
Asia Pacific net revenues decreased $654,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2016 from the six months ended June 30, 2015 (see “Revenues” above). Asia Pacific expenses increased $513,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2016 from the six months ended June 30, 2015 . This increase was primarily due to a $843,000 increase in member acquisition and marketing costs, a $220,000 increase in Local Deals and Getaways costs, including a $119,000 increase in member refunds, offset by a $565,000 decrease in salary and employee related expense due in part to a decrease in headcount.
Foreign currency movements relative to the U.S. dollar positively impacted our local currency loss from our operations in Asia Pacific by approximately $31,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2016 . Foreign currency movements relative to the U.S. dollar negatively impacted our loss from our operations in Asia Pacific by approximately $46,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2015 .
Foreign currency movements relative to the U.S. dollar positively impacted our local currency loss from our operations in Asia Pacific by approximately $113,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2016 . Foreign currency movements relative to the U.S. dollar negatively impacted our loss from our operations in Asia Pacific by approximately $54,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2015 .

28



Europe
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
(In thousands)
 
(In thousands)
Revenues
9,699

 
10,259

 
20,591

 
21,821

Income from operations
$
1,791

 
$
47

 
$
3,885

 
$
1,776

Income from operations as a % of revenues
18.5
%
 
0.5
%
 
18.9
%
 
8.1
%
Europe net revenues decreased $560,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2016 from the three months ended June 30, 2015 (see “Revenues” above). Europe expenses decreased $2.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2016 from the three months ended June 30, 2015 . This decrease was primarily due to a $1.4 million decrease in search traffic acquisition, member acquisition and marketing costs and a $249,000 decrease in salary and employee related expense due in part to a decrease in headcount.
Europe net revenues decreased $1.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2016 from the six months ended June 30, 2015 (see “Revenues” above). Europe expenses decreased $3.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2016 from the six months ended June 30, 2015 . This decrease was primarily due to a $2.0 million decrease in search traffic acquisition, member acquisition and marketing costs and a $866,000 decrease in salary and employee related expense due in part to a decrease in headcount.
Foreign currency movements relative to the U.S. dollar negatively impacted our local currency income from our operations in Europe by approximately $121,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2016 . Foreign currency movements relative to the U.S. dollar positively impacted our income from our operations in Europe by approximately $74,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2015 .
Foreign currency movements relative to the U.S. dollar negatively impacted our local currency income from our operations in Europe by approximately $257,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2016 . Foreign currency movements relative to the U.S. dollar negatively impacted our income from our operations in Europe by approximately $45,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2015 .
North America
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
(In thousands)
 
(In thousands)
Revenues
21,900

 
23,820

 
43,552

 
48,755

Income from operations
$
3,209

 
$
2,549

 
$
5,307

 
$
4,635

Income from operations as a % of revenues
14.7
%
 
10.7
%
 
12.2
%
 
9.5
%
North America net revenues decreased $1.9 million for the three months ended June 30, 2016 from the three months ended June 30, 2015 (see “Revenues” above). North America expenses decreased $2.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2016 from the three months ended June 30, 2015 . This decrease was primarily due to a $1.8 million decrease in salary and employee related expense due in part to a decrease in headcount, and a $1.0 million decrease in payments made to third-party partners of the Travelzoo Network.
North America net revenues decreased $5.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2016 from the six months ended June 30, 2015 (see “Revenues” above). North America expenses decreased $5.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2016 from the six months ended June 30, 2015 . This decrease was primarily due to a $3.7 million decrease in salary and employee related expense due in part to a decrease in headcount, and a $1.5 million decrease in payments made to third-party partners of the Travelzoo Network.

29



Liquidity and Capital Resources
As of June 30, 2016 , we had $27.6 million in cash and cash equivalents, of which $16.2 million was held outside the U.S. in certain of our foreign operations. If these assets are distributed to the U.S., we may be subject to additional U.S. taxes in certain circumstances. Cash and cash equivalents decreased from $35.1 million as of December 31, 2015 primarily as a result of cash used in financing activities, offset by cash provided by operating activities as explained below. We expect that cash on hand will be sufficient to provide for working capital needs for at least the next twelve months.  
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
(In thousands)
Net cash provided by operating activities
$
3,905

 
$
868

Net cash used in investing activities
(648
)
 
(696
)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
(10,556
)
 
2,013

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
(269
)
 
(1,125
)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
$
(7,568
)
 
$
1,060


Net cash provided by operating activities is net income adjusted for certain non-cash items and changes in assets and liabilities. Net cash provided by operating activities for the six months ended June 30, 2016 was $3.9 million which consisted of a net income of $4.1 million, adjustments for non-cash items of $1.8 million and a $1.9 million decrease in cash from changes in operating assets and liabilities. Adjustments for non-cash items primarily consisted of $1.3 million of depreciation and amortization expense on property and equipment, $211,000 of deferred taxes and $442,000 of stock-based compensation expense. In addition, the decrease in cash from changes in operating assets and liabilities primarily consisted of $2.3 million in accounts receivable, $2.2 million in accounts payable, offset by $1.8 million in income tax receivable and payable and $484,000 in accrued expenses. Net cash provided by operating activities for the six months ended June 30, 2015 was $868,000 which consisted of a net income of $1.6 million, adjustments for non-cash items of $1.5 million and a $2.2 million decrease in cash from changes in operating assets and liabilities. Adjustments for non-cash items primarily consisted of $1.5 million of depreciation and amortization expense on property and equipment, $242,000 of deferred taxes and $296,000 of stock-based compensation expense. In addition, the decrease in cash from changes in operating assets and liabilities primarily consisted of $2.9 million in accounts receivable, $1.2 million in accounts payable, offset by $1.7 million in income tax receivable and payable and $143,000 in accrued expenses.
Cash paid for income tax net of refunds received during the six months ended June 30, 2016 and June 30, 2015 was $1.1 million and $733,000, respectively.
Net cash used in investing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 , was $648,000 and $696,000, respectively. The cash used in investing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2016 was primarily due to $648,000 in purchases of property and equipment. The cash used in investing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2015 was due to $753,000 purchases of property and equipment, offset by $57,000 release of restricted cash.
Net cash used in financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2016 was $10.6 million and net cash provided by financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2015 was $2.0 million. Net cash used in financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2016 was primarily due to $5.7 million payment of related party loan and $5.0 million cash used in repurchases of our common stock. Net cash provided by financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2015 was primarily due to $2.3 million proceeds from related party loan.
See Note 4 to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for information on the unexchanged promotional share settlements and related cash program.
Although the Company has settled the states unclaimed property claims with all states, the Company may still receive inquiries from certain potential Netsurfer promotional stockholders that had not provided their state of residence to the Company by April 25, 2004. Therefore, the Company is continuing its voluntary program under which it makes cash payments to individuals related to the promotional shares for individuals whose residence was unknown by the Company and who establish that they satisfied the conditions to receive shares of Travelzoo.com Corporation, and who failed to submit requests to convert their shares into shares of Travelzoo Inc. within the required time period. This voluntary program is not available for individuals whose promotional shares have been escheated to a state by the Company.

30



Our capital requirements depend on a number of factors, including market acceptance of our products and services, the amount of our resources we devote to the development of new products, cash payments related to former stockholders of Travelzoo.com Corporation, expansion of our operations, and the amount of resources we devote to promoting awareness of the Travelzoo and Fly.com brands. Since the inception of the program under which we make cash payments to people who establish that they were former stockholders of Travelzoo.com Corporation, and who failed to submit requests to convert their shares into shares of Travelzoo Inc. within the required time period, we have incurred expenses of $2.9 million. While future payments for this program are expected to decrease, the total cost of this program is still undeterminable because it is dependent on our stock price and on the number of valid requests ultimately received.
Consistent with our growth, we have experienced fluctuations in our cost of revenues, sales and marketing expenses and our general and administrative expenses, including increases in product development costs, and we anticipate that these increases will continue for the foreseeable future. We believe cash on hand will be sufficient to pay such costs for at least the next twelve months. In addition, we will continue to evaluate possible investments in businesses, products and technologies, the consummation of any of which would increase our capital requirements.
Although we currently believe that we have sufficient capital resources to meet our anticipated working capital and capital expenditure requirements for at least the next twelve months, unanticipated events and opportunities or a less favorable than expected development of our business with one or more of our advertising formats may require us to sell additional equity or debt securities or establish new credit facilities to raise capital in order to meet our capital requirements.
If we sell additional equity or convertible debt securities, the sale could dilute the ownership of our existing stockholders. If we issue debt securities or establish a new credit facility, our fixed obligations could increase, and we may be required to agree to operating covenants that would restrict our operations. We cannot be sure that any such financing will be available in amounts or on terms acceptable to us.
If the development of our business is less favorable than expected, we may decide to significantly reduce the size of our operations and marketing expenses in certain markets with the objective of reducing cash outflow.
The information set forth under “Note 4 — Commitments and Contingencies” to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this report is incorporated herein by reference.
The following summarizes our principal contractual commitments as of June 30, 2016 (in thousands):
 
 
2016
 
2017
 
2018
 
2019
 
2020
 
Thereafter
 
Total
Operating leases
$
2,766

 
$
5,399

 
$
4,558

 
$
4,090

 
$
3,636

 
$
8,522

 
$
28,971

Purchase obligations
457

 
882

 
365

 

 

 

 
1,704

Total commitments
$
3,223

 
$
6,281

 
$
4,923

 
$
4,090

 
$
3,636

 
$
8,522

 
$
30,675


We also have contingencies related to net unrecognized tax benefits, including interest, of approximately $3.1 million as of June 30, 2016 . In addition, the Company received a Revenue Agents' Report from the IRS for the 2009 calendar year related to the sale of our Asia Pacific business segment, which would result in additional federal and state tax expense totaling approximately $31.0 million, excluding interest and penalties, if any. We are unable to make reasonably reliable estimates on the timing of the cash settlements with the respective taxing authorities, if any. See Note 5 to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for further information.
Critical Accounting Policies
We believe that there are a number of accounting policies that are critical to understanding our historical and future performance, as these policies affect the reported amounts of revenue and the more significant areas involving management’s judgments and estimates. These significant accounting policies relate to revenue recognition, reserve for member refunds, allowance for doubtful accounts, income tax and loss contingencies. These policies, and our procedures related to these policies, are described in detail below.

31



Revenue Recognition
We recognize advertising revenues in the period in which the advertisement is displayed or the voucher sale has been completed, provided that evidence of an arrangement exists, the fees are fixed or determinable and collection of the resulting receivable is reasonably assured. If fixed-fee advertising is displayed over a term greater than one month, revenues are recognized ratably over the period as described below. The majority of insertion orders have terms that begin and end in a quarterly reporting period. In the cases where at the end of a quarterly reporting period the term of an insertion order is not complete, the Company allocates the total arrangement fee to each element based on the relative estimated selling price of each element. The Company uses prices stated on its internal rate card, which represents stand-alone sales prices, to establish estimated selling prices. The stand-alone price is the price that would be charged if the advertiser purchased only the individual insertion. Fees for variable-fee advertising arrangements are recognized based on the number of impressions displayed, number of clicks delivered, or number of referrals generated during the period.
Under these policies, the Company evaluates each of these criteria as follows:
Evidence of an arrangement.  We consider an insertion order signed by the advertiser or its agency to be evidence of an arrangement.
Delivery.  Delivery is considered to occur when the advertising has been displayed, the click-throughs have been delivered, the voucher sale has been completed, cancelable hotel booking reservation stays have occurred or non-cancelable hotel booking reservations have been booked, as applicable.
Fixed or determinable fee.  We consider the fee to be fixed or determinable if the fee is not subject to refund or adjustment and payment terms are standard.
Collection is deemed reasonably assured.  We conduct a credit review for all advertising transactions at the time of the arrangement to determine the creditworthiness of the advertiser. Collection is deemed reasonably assured if we expect that the advertiser will be able to pay amounts under the arrangement as payments become due. Collection is deemed not reasonably assured when an advertiser is perceived to be in financial distress, which may be evidenced by weak industry conditions, a bankruptcy filing, or previously billed amounts that are past due. If we determine that collection is not reasonably assured, then we defer the revenue and recognize the revenue upon cash collection. Collection is deemed reasonably assured for our voucher sales to consumers as these transactions require the use of credit cards subject to authorization.
Revenues from advertising sold to advertisers through agencies are reported at the amount billed to the agency.
For Local Deals and Getaways products, the Company earns a fee for acting as an agent in these transactions which is recorded on a net basis and is included in revenue upon completion of the voucher sale. Certain merchant contracts in foreign locations allow us to retain fees related to vouchers sold that are not redeemed by purchasers upon expiration, which we recognize as revenue after the expiration of the redemption period and after there are no further obligations to provide funds to merchants, members or others.
Commission revenues generated through provision of hotel booking reservations to hotels are recognized upon the estimated date the stay occurs at the hotel, which includes estimates of cancellations of the hotel bookings based upon historical patterns. If the hotel booking cannot be canceled or the hotel advertiser has agreed to pay for booking regardless of potential future cancellations then revenue is recognized upon booking.
Reserve for Member Refunds
We record an estimated reserve for member refunds based on our historical experience at the time revenue is recorded for Local Deals and Getaways voucher sales. We accrue costs associated with refunds in accrued expenses on the consolidated balance sheets. We consider many key factors such as the historical refunds based upon the time lag since the sale, historical reasons for refunds, time period that remains until the deal expiration date, any changes in refund procedures and estimates of redemptions and breakage. Should any of these factors change, the estimates made by management will also change, which could impact the level of our future reserves for member refunds. Specifically, if the financial condition of our advertisers, the businesses that are providing the vouchered services, were to deteriorate, affecting their ability to provide the services to our members, additional reserves for member refunds may be required.

32



Estimated member refunds that are determined to be recoverable from the merchant and the portion of which represents our fee from the merchant are recorded in the consolidated statements of operations as a reduction to revenue. Estimated member refunds that are determined not to be recoverable from the merchant are presented as a cost of revenue. If our judgments regarding estimated member refunds are inaccurate, reported results of operations could differ from the amount we previously accrued.
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
We record a provision for doubtful accounts based on our historical experience of write-offs and a detailed assessment of our accounts receivable and allowance for doubtful accounts. In estimating the provision for doubtful accounts, management considers the age of the accounts receivable, our historical write-offs, the creditworthiness of the advertiser, the economic conditions of the advertiser’s industry, and general economic conditions, among other factors. Should any of these factors change, the estimates made by management will also change, which could impact the level of our future provision for doubtful accounts. Specifically, if the financial condition of our advertisers were to deteriorate, affecting their ability to make payments, additional provision for doubtful accounts may be required.
Income Taxes
We are subject to income taxes in the U.S. and numerous foreign jurisdictions. Significant judgment is required in evaluating our uncertain tax positions and determining our provision for income taxes. Although we believe we have adequately reserved for our uncertain tax positions, no assurance can be given that the final tax outcome of these matters will not be different. We adjust these reserves in light of changing facts and circumstances, such as the progress or closing of a tax audit or the refinement of an estimate. To the extent that the final tax outcome of these matters is different than the amounts recorded, such differences will impact the provision for income taxes in the period in which such determination is made. The provision for income taxes includes the impact of reserve provisions and changes to reserves that are considered appropriate, as well as the related net interest.
Our effective tax rates have differed from the statutory rate primarily due to the tax impact of foreign operations, state taxes, certain benefits realized related to stock option activities, credits, the extent that our earnings are indefinitely reinvested outside the U.S. and tax asset valuation allowance determinations including on certain loss carryforwards. For the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 , our effective tax rates were 42% and 66%, respectively. Our future effective tax rates could be materially impacted by earnings being lower than anticipated in countries where we have lower statutory rates and higher than anticipated in countries where we have higher statutory rates, changes in the deferred tax assets or liabilities, existing or new uncertain tax matters that may arise and require changes in tax reserves, changes in tax asset valuation allowance determinations, changes in our judgment about whether certain foreign earnings are indefinitely reinvested outside the U.S., or changes in tax laws, regulations, and accounting principles. In addition, we are subject to the continuous examination of our income tax returns by the IRS and other tax authorities. We regularly assess the likelihood of adverse outcomes resulting from these examinations to determine the adequacy of our provision for income taxes. See Note 5 to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for further information.
Loss Contingencies
We are involved in claims, suits, and proceedings arising from the ordinary course of our business. We record a provision for a liability when we believe that it is both probable that a liability has been incurred, and the amount can be reasonably estimated. Significant judgment is required to determine both probability and the estimated amount. Such claim proceedings are inherently unpredictable and subject to significant uncertainties, some of which are beyond our control. Should any of these estimates and assumptions change or prove to have been incorrect, it could have a material impact on our results of operations, financial position and cash flows. We have several known loss contingencies such as our liability to former stockholders of Travelzoo.com Corporation that may be realized as a result of our cash program for these claimants, and the 2009 IRS audit claims. Please refer to Note 4 to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for further information regarding our loss contingencies.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements
See "Note 1 - The Company and Basis of Presentation" to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included in this report, regarding the impact of certain recent accounting pronouncements on our consolidated financial statements.


33



RISK FACTORS
Investing in our common stock involves a high degree of risk. Any or all of the risks listed below as well as other variables affecting our operating results could have a material adverse effect on our business, our quarterly and annual operating results or financial condition, which could cause the market price of our stock to decline or cause substantial volatility in our stock price, in which event the value of your common stock could decline. You should also keep these risk factors in mind when you read forward-looking statements.

Risks Related to Our Financial Condition and Business Model
We cannot assure you that we will be profitable.
For the six months ended June 30, 2016 and June 30, 2015 , we generated a profit of $4.1 million and $1.6 million, respectively. In the year ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, we generated a net income of $10.9 million and $13.1 million, respectively. Although we were profitable in 2015, the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 , there is no assurance that we will be profitable in the future. We forecast our future expense levels based on our operating plans and our estimates of future revenues. We may find it necessary to significantly accelerate expenditures relating to our sales and marketing efforts or otherwise increase our financial commitment to creating and maintaining brand awareness among Internet users and advertisers. We may also make investments in our products as well as develop new products that may impact our profitability. If our revenues grow at a slower rate than we anticipate or decline, or if our spending levels exceed our expectations or cannot be adjusted to reflect slower revenue growth, we may not generate sufficient revenues to be profitable. Any of these developments could result in a significant decrease in the trading price of our common stock.
Fluctuations in our operating results may negatively impact our stock price.
Our quarterly and annual operating results may fluctuate significantly in the future due to a variety of factors that could affect our revenues or our expenses in any particular period. You should not rely on quarter-to-quarter comparisons of our results of operations as an indication of future performance. Factors that may affect our quarterly results include:
mismatches between resource allocation and client demand due to difficulties in predicting client demand in a new market;
changes in general economic conditions that could affect marketing efforts generally and online marketing efforts in particular;
the magnitude and timing of marketing initiatives, including our acquisition of new members and our expansion efforts in other regions;
the introduction, development, timing, competitive pricing and market acceptance of our products and services and those of our competitors;
our ability to attract and retain key personnel;
our ability to manage our planned growth;
our ability to attract users to our websites, which may be adversely affected by the audience shift to mobile devices;
technical difficulties or system downtime affecting the Internet generally or the operation of our products and services specifically; and
volatility of our operating results in new markets.
We may significantly increase our operating expenses related to advertising campaigns for the Travelzoo and